Bagmati Province : A Data Overview

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Bagmati Province


Bagmati province lies between 83055′ & 86034′ East longitude and 26055′ & 28023′ North latitude. It has an area of 20,300 i.e 13.79% of the total area of the country. Out of which 27.29% land is covered by forest. It is bordered by Province 2 and India in the south, China in the north, Gandaki Province in the west and Province 1 in the east.

Topographically, the province can be divided into four main regions starting from the the high Himalayan Region (above 5000m) in the north to the Low plain Terai or Madesh (below 500m).

Apart from the topographical divisions, administratively there are 13 Districts. As per the new constitutional provision there are 119 local governments composed of 3 metropolitan city, 1 sub-metropolitan city, 41 municipalities and 74 rural-municipalities with 1121 wards.

Only 24.34% of land in the province is used for agriculture purpose. While 59.27% land is occupied by forest and grassland area and 0.02% land is covered by ponds and lakes.


Bagmati province has climatic variations, which is associated with the diverse nature of its topography and altitude. Climatic zone of Bagmati province starts from High Himal in the north, above 5000 m with tundra and arctic climate to Siwalik region in the south, 500-1000 m with sub-tropical climatic zone. The annual precipitation also varies from 150-200 mm in the high Himalayas to 1100-3000 mm in the southern plains. Similarly, average annual temperature of the province varies from below 30c to 250c.

There are 10 sub-basins and 33 major rivers flowing through the province. The longest river is Sunkoshi measuring 160.19 km.


Province Overview

Local Governments in Data

Local Governments
Kathmandu Metropolitan City 251km 256,145 54 50 View More…
Kamalamai Municipaltiy
Jiri Municipaltiy
Melamchi Municipaltiy
Panchkhal Municipaltiy
Bhaktapur Municipaltiy
Kirtipur Municipaltiy
Tarakeshwor Municipaltiy
Shankharapur Municipaltiy
Neelakantha Municipaltiy
Madi Municipaltiy
Lalitpur Metropolitan City
Dudhauli Municipality
Bhimeshwor Municipality
Dhulikhel Municipality
Namobuddha Municipality
Madhyapur Thimi Municipality
Gokarneshwor Municipality
Dakshinkali Municipality
Bidur Municipality
Thaha Municipality
Ratnanagar Municipality
Bharatpur Metropolitan City
Manthali Municipality
Chautara Sangachok Gadhi Municipality
Banepa Municipality
Godawari Municipality
Suryabinayak Municipality
Chandragiri Municipality
Nagarjun Municipality
Belkotgadhi Municipality
Kalika Municipality
Rapti Municipality
Hetauda Sub Metropolitan City
Bahrabise Municipality
Panauti Municipality
Mahalaxmi Municipality
Kageshwori Manohara Municipality
Tokha Municipality
Budhanilkantha Municipality
Dhunibeshi Municipality
Khairhani Municipality
Ramechhap Municipality


Human Development Index (HDI)

Infant Mortality Rate

Literacy Rate (%)

Per Capita Income (USD)

Economic Growth Rate (estimated for 2020)

Sector-wise Data Overview of Bagmati Province

Number of schools by level and type in Bagmati Province(2018/19)CommunityInstitutionalTotalL_BasicU_BasicBasicSec_9-10Sec_11-12Sec_9-1202,0004,0006,0008,000

Level Community Institutional Total
L_Basic 5,042 1,779 6,821
U_Basic 2,265 1,557 3,822
Basic 5,058 1,791 6,849
Sec_9-10 1,408 1,400 2,808
Sec_11-12 715 339 1,054
Sec_9-12 1,408 1,464 2,872


Data Source: Flash Report (2018/19); MOEST

Data source: CBS

Data Source: Nepal-MICS-2019; CBS

Data Source: A Year in Review FY 2019/20; NEA
Data Source: Flash Report (2018/19); MOEST

Fast Facts of Bagmati Province 

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Total Population


Household with Access to Internet


Total Household


Popn with Access to Electricity


Urban Population


Child Marriage Before 18 (women)


Arable Land (ha)


Ownership of Mobile Phone




Electricity Consumers


Birth Registration


Local Roads Network (km)

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