Karlani Province : A Data Overview

A comprehensive data journal with an objective to
make data free for everyone collected and
compiled in one single address. Explore with us.

Karnali Province


Karnali province lies between 80058’58” & 83040’57” East longitude and 28010’7″ & 30026’50” North latitude. It has an area of 30,211 sq.km i.e 21.6% of the total area of the country. Out of which 38% land is covered by forest. Including 12.8% of graze land and 3.2% bush area total forest area of Karnali Province is 41%. It is bordered by Lumbini Province in the south, China in the north, Sudurpaschim Province in the west and Lumbini Province and Gandaki Province in the east. The Province is stretched 265 km east-west and 250 km north-south.

Topographically, the province is divided into four main regions starting from the the high Himalayan Region, Mahabharat region, mid mountains, valleys, and Chure in the south. The highest peak point of the Province is Churen Himal (7348 m). Surkhet valley is the capital of the Karnali Province. The valley is 9 km in length and 6 km breadth. Limi valley in Humla district of the province lies at an altitude above 4000 meter.

Apart from the topographical divisions, administratively there are 10 Districts. As per the new constitutional provision there are 79 local governments composed of 25 municipalities and 54 rural-municipalities with 718 wards.


Karnali province has climatic variations, which is associated with the diverse nature of its topography and altitude. Climatic zone of Karnali province starts from High Himal in the north, above 7000m with tundra and arctic climate to Chure region in the south with sub-tropical climatic zone. The average annual precipitation of the Province is 1479mm. According to studies Karnali Province is facing decrease in annual precipitation by 4.91mm yearly. Average annual temperature of the province is 26.10c. The maximum and minimum temperature of the Province is increasing yearly by 0.05 (maximum) and 0.01 (minimum), which is a warning to the environment of the Province.

Karnali Province is named after the longest river Karnali, measuring 507 km. Karnali River has many sub basins namely Bheri, Mugu Karnali, Tila, Lodi, Dojam, Seti, Babai, Rapti  etc. 95% of the Karnali River flows in Nepal, remaining parts are in India and China. Karnali Province is rich in Lakes and Ponds. There are 936 lakes in the province, among which 429 lakes are above 5000 m. The largest lake Rara and deepest Lake Phoksundo of the country lies in Karnali Province. Similarly, eight high Himalayas in the Province are over 8000 meters.

Social and Cultural Diversity

Among various spoken languages in the Province Nepali is spoken by 94.90 percent population. Sinja Valley, the place of origin of Nepali Language lies in Jumla district of the Province. Other major language spoken in the Province are Magar 2.46%, Tharu 0.44%, Bhote/Lama 0.75%, Kham 0.34%, Gurung 0.28%, Sherpa 0.19% and others 0.65%. The largest ethnic group in the Province is Chhetri (41.9%). Similarly, there are 15.8% Kami, 10.9% Magar, 10.3% Thakuri, Brahmin (8.4%), Damai (4%), Sarki 2.6%), Sanyasi (1.7%) and others 1.6%. Majority of population are Hindu (95.14%) in the Province predominantly followed by Buddhist (3.19%), Christian (1.36%), Muslim (0.18%) and others (0.1%). Out of the total population of the province (1570418) 49.31% of the population are residing in the urban area.


As per Economic Survey (2019/20), Karnali Province contributes 4% to national GDP and it is estimated to have a growth rate of 3.6% in the fiscal year 2019/20.

There are 169 commercial banks, 20 development banks, 4 finance companies and 186 Microfinance companies in the Province, which is 3.9 percent of the total banking and commercial institutions in the country. Similarly, there are 139 life and 45 non life insurance companies and their branches in the province.

Agriculture and forest is the mainstay of province economy, providing a livelihood for three-fourths of the population and accounting 32.9% of GDP. Industrial activity in the province accounts very low and it shares only 13.8% of GDP, while service sector has a share of 53.3% in provincial GDP. Productivity of paddy in the province is 3.46 MT per ha, which is below the national average productivity of 3.8 MT per ha.

Out of the total paddy production in the country Karnali Province comprises 2.4%. Similarly 8.1% of Wheat, 8.2% Maize, 6.3% Buckwheat and 43.7% Barley is produced in the province.

According to Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock development in the year 2077 Karnali Province has Paddy plantation in 98.53% of the Paddy field in the Province.

There are 17063 small & cottage and mini industries in the Province registered under department of industry. Similarly, there are 2670 companies registered under company act in the province.

Karnali Province has immense potential of hydropower. But it has not seen a considerable growth in electrification till date. According to Nepal Electricity Authority report only 34.75% household in the province are electrified. Total number of electricity consumers in the province is 94662, consuming 46525 MWh of energy annually. According to NEA, Distribution and Consumer Service Directorate loss of electricity in the province is 15.66% for the year 2076/77. Out of the total loss in distribution Rukum (west) provincial office, contributes the highest loss percentage of 23.96.

2725 km of road is constructed in the Province. Out of total road constructed only 79 km is blacktopped, 193 km road is graveled and 2453 km road is earthern.

There are 3167 schools in the province with 537457 students including 277186 girls and 260271 boys. All together there are 11840 teachers working in various levels of schools.

Province Overview

Area (sq.km) 28,996
Capital Surkhet
Administrative Division
Districts 10
Metropolitan City 0
Sub-Metropolitan City 0
Municipality 25
Gaun Palika 54
Total No. of Wards 718
Voters and Election 2074
Total no. of voters 783,504
Male 394,424
Female 389,078
TG 2
Constituenties 12
Total Population (2011) 1,570,418
Male 767,923
Female 802,495
Sex Ratio (M/F) 98.5
Number of Household 298,359
Average Household Size 5.4
Population Density (persons/sq.km) 79
Population by Type of Local Unit
Metropolitan City 0
Sub-Metropolitan City 0
Municipality 774,316
Gaun Palika 780,926
note: percentage as of total population of the province
Under 14 Population (%)
Population 15-59 yrs (%)
Elderly Population 60+ (%)
Annual Growth Rate (%)
Household by Ownership of House (2011)
Own 252,625
Rented 11,986
Household using wood/firewood as type of cooking fuel 251,901
Household using Electricity as type of cooking fuel 945
Household with access to safe drinking water* 161,080
Household with access to Toilet Facilities 140,803
Household without access to Toilet Facilities 125,057
Household with access to Internet 1240
Household with access to Mobile Phone 115,555
Household with access to Radio 136,680
Household with access to Television 24,111
Household with access to Electricity for lighting 60,680
Household by Type of Foundation of House
Household with Mud bonded bricks/stone as foundation of house 235,497
Household with Cement bonded bricks/ stone as type of foundation of house 6,805
RCC with pillar 3,860
Wooden pillar 18,699
Household with Female ownership in
Both house & land 12,406
Land only 9,365
Neither house nor land 244,010
Socio-Economic Indicators
Literacy (%) (NMICS 2019)
Number of Schools (Public) 2018/19
L_Basic 2,991
U_Basic 1,123
Basic 3,027
Secondary 580
Higher Secondary 241
Number of Schools (Private)
L_Basic 144
U_Basic 90
Basic 144
Secondary 57
Higher Secondary 19
Number of Students (Public)
L_Basic 285,499
U_Basic 135,309
Secondary 74,797
Higher Secondary 47,599
Number of Students (Private)
L_Basic 25,732
U_Basic 9,012
Secondary 3,327
Higher Secondary 941
NER 2018/19
L-Basic 97
U_Basic 89.9
Basic 93.4
Secondary 64.1
Higher Secondary 25
Agriculture (FY 017/18)
Production of Major Cereal Crops (MT) 2017/18 
Paddy 131,746
Maize 214,626
Wheat 160,213
Production of Major Cash Crops (MT) 2017/18
Oil Seed        6,510
Potato    141,168
Sugarcane             68
Production of Pulses      13,327
Production of Spices      56,000
Production of Vegetables (MT)    136,645
Productio of Milk (MT)    113,374
Production Eggs in number (000)      26,277
Production of Fish (Kg)      78,457
Meat Production (MT)      21,631
Production of Wool (MT)    214,967
Production of Fruits (MT)
Citrus Fruits#      22,387
Winter Fruits**      22,799
Summer Fruits***      13,725
Annual Sales of Chemical Fertilizers (017/18)        3,901
Health Service****
Number of Hospitals 12
Primary health care center (PHCC) 13
Health Care Centers 336
Female Health Care Volunteer 4102
Road Connectivity
Total Road Length(Km) 1,343.43
Population Influenced per Km of Road 10,939
Road Density (Km/100 sq.km) 70


Local Governments in Data

(sq km)
Aathabees Municipality Dailekh1682922760-View More
Chamunda Bindrasaini Municipality Dailekh90.62614954-
Dullu Municipality Dailekh156.7741540561
Narayan Municipality Dailekh110.6327037491
Thuli Bheri Municipality Dolpa421.348370241
Tripurasundari Municipality Dolpa393.541010432-
Bheri Malika Municipality Jajarkot219.7733515621
Chhedagad Municipality Jajarkot284.235295104-
Tribeni Nalagad MunicipalityJajarkot387.442559071-
Chandannath Municipality Jumla102.0319047221
Khandachakra Municipality Kalikot133.2920288411
Raskot Municipality Kalikot59.731627230-
Tilagufa Municipality Kalikot262.561576638-
Chhayanath Rara Municipality Mugu480.6720082471
Aathbiskot Municipality Rukum West560.343360164-
Chaurjahari Municipality Rukum West107.382743845-
Musikot Municipality Rukum West136.0632939691
Bagachour MunicipalitySalyan163.143411873-
Banagad Kupinde MunicipalitySalyan338.213605274-
Sharada MunicipalitySalyan198.3433730601
Bheriganga Municipality Surkhet256.24140760-
Birendranagar Municipality Surkhet245.061004581201
Lekbeshi Municipality Surkhet180.923029543-
Panchapuri Municipality Surkhet329.93223160-

Human Development Index (HDI)

Life Expectancy Rate (years)

Literacy Rate (%)

Per Capita Income (USD)

Popn Under Absolute Poverty (%)

Sector-wise Data Overview of Karnali Province 

Fast Facts of Karnali Province

Nepal Outlook compiles key indicators based upon recently updated research and survey documents published and endorsed by Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal Government in a most easiest and clear format.


We also help you get any data, report and research materials upon request at a minimum service charge.



Total Population



Household with Access to Internet



Total Household



Popn with Access to Electricity



Urban Population



Child Marriage Before 18 (women)



Arable Land (ha)



Ownership of Mobile Phone






Electricity Consumers



Birth Registration



Local Roads Network (km)

Data Leader, 21 Years in a Row

Focusing on various sectors related to development of the country, our team has been actively involved in disseminating information about districts since 1999 AD through various editions of Data Profile’s namely District Development Profile of Nepal (2001), District Demographic Profile of Nepal (2002), District Development Profile of Nepal (2004), National Policies of Nepal, Development Profile of Nepal (2008) & Energy Outlook of Nepal (2011).

Development Profile of Nepal Book
Enerty Outlook of Nepal Book

The Right Choice

Share us your contact details to discuss on how we can work together on your research and study projects. We come and discuss your problem statements and provide expert consulting to derive right process and solution for your business.