Province 2: A Data Overview

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Province 2


Province 2 lies between 84027′ & 86054’30” East longitude and 26023’38” & 27028’17” North latitude. It has an area of 9,661 and that is 6.56% of the total area of the country. Out of which 27.29% land is covered by forest. It is bordered by India in the south, Makwanpur and Sindhuli districts of Bagmati Province and Udaypur of Province 1 in the north and Chitwan district of Bagmati Province in the west.

Topographically, the province can be divided into four main regions starting from the North, viz. 1) The Chure Region, 2) The valley basin, Dun, 3) The Inner Terai or the Bhavar region, and 4) The Low plain region – Terai or Madesh.

  • Chure zone, occupies 1,52,339 ha (15.88%) of total Province land surface area. This is a mountainous region far south to the high Himalayas, bordering the country in the north.
  • Dun area lies in Saptari and Parsa district of the Province. It is located to the north of Chure region and comprises 0.04% of Province land area.
  • Bhabar zone comprises 25.62% of Province land area. This region extends from the base of Chure Mountain to plain lands of Terai Madhesh.
  • The Terai Madesh region comprises 58.46% of the total Provincial land area. The terai zone ranges in altitude of less than 600 meters with most of the fertile land and dense forest the country.

Apart from the topographical divisions, administratively there are 8 Districts. As per the new constitutional provision there are 136 local governments composed of 1 metropolitan city, 3 sub-metropolitan cities, 73 municipalities and 58 rural-municipalities with 1271 wards.


Province 2 has climatic variations, which is associated with the diverse nature of its topography and altitude pronounced by dry and wet monsoon seasons. In hot and sunny days temperature goes up to 38 to 40 degree celcius. While winter is cold with temperature decreasing to 5 to 10 degree celcius. Province 2 has an average rainfall of between 1100-2100 mm.

Social and Cultural Diversity

Among various spoken languages in Nepal there are 62 spoken languages. Majority of population speak Maithili (45.3%). Bhojpuri counts 18.57%, Bajjika 14.65%, Nepali 6.67% and Urdu 5.88% as their mother toungue. Ethnically there are 116 ethnic groups in the province. The largest ethnic group is Yadav (14.78%). Similarly, there are 11.58% Muislim, 5.26% Tharu, 5.09% Teli, and 4.56% Koiri/Kushwaha. Majority of population are Hindu (82.8%) in the Province predominantly followed by Muslim (9%). Similarly, 4.4% follow Buddism, 3% are Kirat, and 1.3% are Christian. Out of the total population of the province (5380242) 71.97% of the population are residing in the urban area.

60.96% of land in the province is used for agriculture purpose, followed by 25.77% forest, 5.15% river and ponds, 3.47% grassland and 3.18% land is used for housing purpose.


As per Economic Survey (2019/20), Province 2 contributes 14% to national GDP. Measuring GDP by provinces it is estimated to have a growth rate of 2.3% in the fiscal year 2019/20.

There are 487 commercial banks, 86 development banks, 31 finance companies, 754 Microfinance companies. Similarly, there are 244 life and 148 non life insurance companies and their branches in the province.
Agriculture and forest is the mainstay of province economy, providing a livelihood for three-fourths of the population and accounting 39.94% of GDP. Industrial activity mainly involves the processing of agricultural produce including jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain. Industrial activity in the province accounts 13.31% of GDP, while service sector has a share of 46.75% in provincial GDP. Productivity of paddy in the province is 3.4 MT per ha, which is below the national average productivity of 3.5 MT per ha. Out of the total paddy production in the country Province 2 comprises 24.96%. Similarly 29.09% of Wheat is produced in the province. Regarding the cash crops 65% of sugarcane is produced by the province.

There are 522 industries registered under department of industry. Out of total number of industries Production based industry shares the highest number i.e. 418. While there are only 24 Agriculture and forestry based industry. There are 12961 companies registered under company act in the province. Province 2 contributes 22% to the total paddy production of Nepal. Similarly, maize production in the province contributes 29.3% of national production.

Province 2 has seen a considerable growth in electrification. According to Nepal Electricity Authority report 99.05% household in the province are electrified. Total number of electricity consumers in the province is 878582, consuming 1254188 MWh of energy annually. According to NEA, Distribution and Consumer Service Directorate loss of electricity in the province is 15.6% for the year 2076/77. Out of the total loss in distribution provincial office, Janakpur contributes the highest loss percentage of 31.32.

5871 km of road is constructed by the local government in the Province. Out of which 2696 km is blacktopped. Similarly, 56 km of railway track under the Janakpur-Jaynagar railway project is constructed.

There are 4137 schools in the province with 1289672 students including 656779 girls and 632893 boys. All together there are 5069 teachers working in various levels of schools.

Province Overview

Area ( 9661
Capital Janakpur
Administrative Division
Districts 8
Metropolitan City 1
Sub-Metropolitan City 3
Municipality 73
Gaun Palika 59
Total No. of Wards 1271
Voters and Election 2074
Total no. of voters 2664950
Male 1430051
Female 1234840
TG 59
Constituenties 32
Total Population (2011) 5404145
Male 2717938
Female 2686207
Sex Ratio (M/F) 101.225
Number of Household 932087
Average Household Size 5.83
Population Density (persons/ 564
Population by Type of Local Unit
Metropolitan City 240922
Sub-Metropolitan City 402290
Municipality 3240347
Gaun Palika 1507790
Under 14 Population (%) 38.6
Population 15-59 yrs (%) 53.9
Elderly Population 60+ (%) 7.5
Annual Growth Rate (%)
Household by Ownership of House (2011)
Own 896369
Rented 25970
Using wood/firewood as type of cooking fuel 485156
Using Electricity as type of cooking fuel 7116
With access to safe drinking water* 97472
With access to Toilet Facilities 243019
Without access to Toilet Facilities 678058
With access to Internet 4548
With access to Mobile Phone 517682
With access to Radio 340815
With access to Television 308010
With access to Electricity for lighting 556342
Household by Type of Foundation of House
Mud bonded bricks/stone as foundation of house 67588
Cement bonded bricks/ stone as type of foundation of house 213922
RCC with pillar 39003
Wooden pillar 578971
Household with Female ownership in
Both house & land 86817
Land only 100358
Neither house nor land 730695
Socio-Economic Indicators
Literacy (%) (NMICS 2019)
Total 49.5
Male 60.1
Female 38.9
Number of Schools (Public) 2018/19
L_Basic 3473
U_Basic 1263
Basic 3479
Secondary 682
Higher Secondary 294
Number of Schools (Private)
L_Basic 531
U_Basic 291
Basic 533
Secondary 176
Higher Secondary 48
Number of Students (Public)
L_Basic 676170
U_Basic 251910
Secondary 141425
Higher Secondary 60148
Number of Students (Private)
L_Basic 91237
U_Basic 35265
Secondary 14674
Higher Secondary 3105
NER 2018/19
L-Basic 95.5
U_Basic 63.8
Basic 79.6
Secondary 48.7
Higher Secondary 58.2
Agriculture (FY 017/18)
Production of Major Cereal Crops (MT)2017/18
Paddy 1285843
Maize 131668
Wheat 566895
Production of Major Cash Crops (MT) 2017/18
Oil Seed 43446
Potato 370646
Sugarcane 2426791
Production of Pulses 108416
Production of Spices 23812
Production of Vegetables (MT) 1081553
Productio of Milk (MT) 294195
Production Eggs in number (000) 103151
Production of Fish (Kg) 33380086
Production of Wool (MT) 5357
Annual Sales of Chemical Fertilizers (017/18) 114610
Health Service
Number of Hospitals 13
Primary health care center (PHCC) 32
Health Care Centers 745
Female Health Care Volunteer 7073
Road Connectivity
Total Road Length (Km) 1466.2
Population Influenced per Km of Road 32333
Road Density (Km/100 123


Local Governments in Data

(sq km)
Aurahi MunicipalityMahottari35.763185120-View More
Bagmati MunicipalitySarlahi101.184039932-View More
Bahudarmai MunicipalityParsa31.553967321-View More
Balara MunicipalitySarlahi48.554519431-View More
Balwa MunicipalityMahottari44.074234135-View More
Bardibas MunicipalityMahottari315.5764212711View More
Barhathwa MunicipalitySarlahi107.056982250-View More
Bhangaha MunicipalityMahottari77.214657540-View More
Bidehi MunicipalityDhanusha45.513226617-View More
Birgunj Metropolitan CityParsa132.072409921161View More
Bode Barsain MunicipalitySaptari58.934322931-View More
Boudhimai MunicipalityRautahat35.3433326518-View More
Brindawan MunicipalityRautahat95.44273519-View More
Chandrapur MunicipalityRautahat249.9672059441View More
Chhireshwornath MunicipalityDhanusha50.854179331-View More
Dakneshwori MunicipalitySaptari61.114275426-View More
Dewahi Gonahi MunicipalityRautahat33.993214323-View More
Dhangadhimai MunicipalitySiraha159.514744955-View More
Dhanushadham MunicipalityDhanusha91.644558531-View More
Gadhimai MunicipalityRautahat49.444041022-View More
Ganeshman Charnath MunicipalityDhanusha244.313633823-View More
Garuda MunicipalityRautahat44.465048126-View More
Gaur MunicipalityRautahat21.5334937211View More
Gaushala MunicipalityMahottari144.736667757-View More
Godaita MunicipalitySarlahi48.624768729-View More
Golbazaar MunicipalitySiraha111.945213757-View More
Gujara MunicipalityRautahat150.334659232-View More
Hansapur MunicipalityDhanusha48.713821635-View More
Hanumannagar Kankalini MunicipalitySaptari118.1945734391View More
Haripur MunicipalitySarlahi66.863735117-View More
Haripurwa MunicipalitySarlahi30.53604219-View More
Hariwan MunicipalitySarlahi86.124392436-View More
Ishnath MunicipalityRautahat35.174143522-View More
Ishworpur MunicipalitySarlahi163.835998649-View More
Jaleshwor MunicipalityMahottari44.2657549531View More
Janakpur Sub Metro CityDhanusha91.971621721171View More
Jeetpur Simara Sub Metro CityBara312.1811709479-View More
Kabilashi MunicipalitySarlahi48.114233631-View More
Kalaiya Sub Metropolitan CityBara108.94123659731View More
Kalyanpur MunicipalitySiraha76.814929050-View More
Kamala MunicipalityDhanusha65.853862415-View More
Kanchanrup MunicipalitySaptari117.345328831-View More
Karjanha MunicipalitySiraha76.843096712-View More
Katahariya MunicipalityRautahat40.693841225-View More
Khadak MunicipalitySaptari96.774536849-View More
Kolhabi MunicipalityBara157.44403533-View More
Lahan MunicipalitySiraha167.17917661411View More
Lalbandi MunicipalitySarlahi238.55939564-View More
Loharpatti MunicipalityMahottari50.063988325-View More
Madhav Narayan MunicipalityRautahat48.533517526-View More
Mahagadimai MunicipalityBara55.325233641-View More
Malangwa MunicipalitySarlahi30.4446516401View More
Manara Shisawa MunicipalityMahottati49.734969230-View More
Matihani MunicipalityMahottari29.023102618-View More
Maulapur MunicipalityRautahat34.752642417-View More
Mirchaiya MunicipalitySiraha91.974891156-View More
Mithila MunicipalityDhanusha187.934516443-View More
Mithila Bihari MunicipalityDhanusha37.63355618-View More
Nagrain MunicipalityDhanusha39.03558316-View More
Nijagadh MunicipalityBara289.433533528-View More
Pacharauta MunicipalityBara44.013417327-View More
Paroha MunicipalityRautahat37.453745322-View More
Parsagadhi MunicipalityParsa99.693860732-View More
Phatuwa Bijaypur MunicipalityRautahat65.243630819-View More
Pokhariya MunicipalityParsa32.4732885251View More
Rajbiraj MunicipalitySaptati55.068396581View More
Rajdevi MunicipalityRautahat28.213056922-View More
Rajpur MunicipalityRautahat31.414107814-View More
Ram Gopalpur MunicipalityMahottari39.543041224-View More
Sabaila MunicipalityDhanusha64.475238931-View More
Saptakoshi MunicipalitySaptari60.252113114-View More
Shahid Nagar MunicipalityDhanusha57.374742244-View More
Shambhunath MunicipalitySaptari108.713521333-View More
Simraungadh MunicipalityBara42.654857035-View More
Siraha MunicipalitySiraha94.2825311061View More
Sukhipur MunicipalitySiraha54.783688339-View More
Surunga MunicipalitySaptari107.044422236-View More

Human Development Index (HDI)

Population under absolute poverty

Women Literacy Rate (%)

Contribution to GDP (at the basic price)

Economic growth rate (at the basic price)

Sector-wise Data Overview of Province 2

Fast Facts of Province 2

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Total Population



HH Without Access to Toilet Facility



Total Household



HH with access to safe drinking water



Urban Population



Child Marriage Before 18 (women)



Total Voters



Popn with Access to Electricity



Total Schools



Electricity Consumers






Black top Road (SSRN/2018) km

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