Sudurpaschim Province: A Data Overview

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Sudurpaschim Province

Nepal (English: /nɪˈpɔːl/;[17] Nepali: नेपाल [neˈpal]), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal,[18] is a country in South Asia. It is mainly in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is the 49th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It is landlocked, and borders China in the north and India in the south, east and west, while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic country with Nepali as the official language.

The name “Nepal” is first recorded in texts from the Vedic period of the Indian subcontinent, the era in ancient India when Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal. Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley is intertwined with the culture of Indo-Aryans, and was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala. The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley’s traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional art and architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and later formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rana dynasty of premiers. The country was never colonized but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and British India. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005. The Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the establishment of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world’s last Hindu monarchy.

The Constitution of Nepal, adopted in 2015, affirms Nepal as a secular federal parliamentary republic divided into seven provinces. Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955, and friendship treaties were signed with India in 1950 and the People’s Republic of China in 1960. Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), of which it is a founding member. Nepal is also a member of the Non-Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative. The military of Nepal is the fifth largest in South Asia; it is notable for its Gurkha history, particularly during the world wars, and has been a significant contributor to United Nations peacekeeping operations.

Province Overview

Area ( 19539
Capital Mahendranagar
Administrative Division
Districts 9
Metropolitan City
Sub-Metropolitan City 1
Municipality 33
Gaun Palika 54
Total No. of Wards 734
Voters and Election 2074
Total no. of voters 1304649
Male 634967
Female 669668
TG 14
Constituenties 16
Total Population (2011) 2552517
Male 1217887
Female 1334630
Sex Ratio (M/F) 812.6
Number of Household 469703
Average Household Size 48.78
Population Density (persons/ 1211
Population by Type of Local Unit
Metropolitan City
Sub-Metropolitan City 147741
Municipality 1355814
Gaun Palika 1027433
Under 14 Population (%) 39.5
Population 15-59 yrs (%) 52.9
Elderly Population 60+ (%) 7.6
Annual Growth Rate (%)
Household by Ownership of House (2011)
Own 445017
Rented 18168
Using wood/firewood as type of cooking fuel 427850
Using Electricity as type of cooking fuel 15651
With access to safe drinking water* 189292
With access to Toilet Facilities 219360
Without access to Toilet Facilities 247586
With access to Internet 3343
With access to Mobile Phone 231432
With access to Radio 226715
With access to Television 94218
With access to Electricity for lighting 225954
Household by Type of Foundation of House
Mud bonded bricks/stone as foundation of house 266687
Cement bonded bricks/ stone as type of foundation of house 58760
RCC with pillar 5741
Wooden pillar 133248
Household with Female ownership in
Both house & land 22343
Land only 14768
Neither house nor land 430082
Socio-Economic Indicators
Literacy (%) (NMICS 2019)
Total 63.5
Male 76.4
Female 51.9
Number of Schools (Public) 2018/19
L_Basic 3563
U_Basic 1543
Basic 3578
Secondary 848
Higher Secondary 356
Number of Schools (Private)
L_Basic 557
U_Basic 352
Basic 557
Secondary 173
Higher Secondary 58
Number of Students (Public)
L_Basic 355396
U_Basic 183688
Secondary 102116
Higher Secondary 69618
Number of Students (Private)
L_Basic 82317
U_Basic 32728
Secondary 14359
Higher Secondary 7113
NER 2018/19
L-Basic 97
U_Basic 93.3
Basic 95.1
Secondary 68
Higher Secondary 26.8
Agriculture (FY 017/18)
Production of Major Cereal Crops (MT)2017/18
Paddy 584433
Maize 111927
Wheat 308736
Production of Major Cash Crops (MT) 2017/18
Oil Seed 35320
Potato 207981
Sugarcane 241158
Production of Pulses 48409
Production of Spices 65531
Production of Vegetables (MT) 345135
Productio of Milk (MT) 235074
Production Eggs in number (000) 64669
Production of Fish (Kg) 1511321
Production of Wool (MT) 76249
Annual Sales of Chemical Fertilizers (017/18) 28410
Health Service
Number of Hospitals 14
Primary health care center (PHCC) 16
Health Care Centers 378
Female Health Care Volunteer 5747
Road Connectivity
Total Road Length (Km) 1621.18
Population Influenced per Km of Road 14949
Road Density (Km/100 78


Local Governments in Data

Kamalbazar Municipality Achham120.782373845-View More
Mangalsen Municipality Achham220.1432507561
Panchadewal Binayak Municipality Achham147.752748562-
Sanfebagar Municipality Achham166.713378876-
Dasharathchand Municipality Baitadi135.1534575641
Melauli MunicipalityBaitadi119.432254545-
Patan Municipality Baitadi219.263043567-
Puchaundi MunicipalityBaitadi198.523917486-
Bungal Municipality Bajhang447.593322485-
Jayaprithvi Municipality Bajhang166.7922191561
Badimalika Municipality Bajura27616818271
Budhinanda Municipality Bajura232.481877632-
Buddhiganga MunicipalityBajura59.22167740-
Triveni Municipality Bajura170.321836341-
Amargadhi Municipality Dadeldhura139.3321245381
Parashuram MunicipalityDadeldhura414.0734983721
Mahakali Municipality Darchula135.1121231561
Shailyashikhar Municipality Darchula117.8122060521
Dipayal Silgadhi MunicipalityDoti162.6232941472
Shikhar Municipality Doti585.373180163-
Bhajani Municipality Kailali176.255184547-
Dhangadhi Sub Metropolitian City Kailali261.751477411431
Gauriganga Municipality Kailali244.445513465-
Ghodaghodi Municipality Kailali354.457558692-
Godawari Municipality Kailali308.6378018821
Lamki Chuha MunicipalityKailali2257542565-
Tikapur Municipality Kailali118.3376084781
Bedkot Municipality Kanchanpur159.924947948-
Belauri Municipality Kanchanpur123.375354453-
Bhimdatta MunicipalityKanchanpur171.81045591291
Krishnapur Municipality Kanchanpur252.755664361-
Mahakali Municipality Kanchanpur3925339-
Punarbas Municipality Kanchanpur103.715363353-
Shuklaphanta MunicipalityKanchanpur162.574683457-

Human Development Index (HDI)

Life Expectancy Rate (years)

National Literacy Rate (%)

Per Capita Income (US dollar)

National GDP of Nepal (Billion US$)

Sector-wise Data Overview of Sudurpaschim Province


Fast Facts of Sudurpaschim Province

Nepal Outlook compiles key indicators based upon recently updated research and survey documents published and endorsed by Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal Government in a most easiest and clear format.


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Total Population



Household with Access to Internet



Total Household



Popn with Access to Electricity



Urban Population



Child Marriage Before 18 (women)



Total Arable Land



Ownership of Mobile Phone






Electricity Consumers



Birth Registration



Local Roads Network (km)

Data Leader, 21 Years in a Row

Focusing on various sectors related to development of the country, our team has been actively involved in disseminating information about districts since 1999 AD through various editions of Data Profile’s namely District Development Profile of Nepal (2001), District Demographic Profile of Nepal (2002), District Development Profile of Nepal (2004), National Policies of Nepal, Development Profile of Nepal (2008) & Energy Outlook of Nepal (2011).

Development Profile of Nepal Book
Enerty Outlook of Nepal Book

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